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Indian penal code – JIGL

The glossary of Indian penal code

💁‍♂️The terms mentioned below are the legal glossary of the Indian Penal Code, 1860. All these words and phrases have to be understood in concern to the provisions mentioned in the IPC. These are essential for all law exams and legal life in general.

( Important Words Of the Indian Penal Code )

1. Intra Territorial– Any offence for which a person is liable within India.

2. Extra Territorial– Any offence for which a person is subject to Indian law, tried outside India.

3. Gender– The word “he” includes “she” also.

4. Person– The word person used in the whole IPC includes company, association, or body of persons also. They are incorporated or not is not essential.

5. India– The word India means the whole territory of India, including Jammu and Kashmir.

6. Movable– Anything which is not attached to the earth, permanently fastened to earth or attached to what is so attached to the earth, is movable.

7. Wrongful– Anything which is not lawful in law or to which a person is not legally entitled.

8. Dishonestly– Wrongful gain + wrongful loss.

9. Fraudulent– An act to deceive someone with the intent to defraud.

10. Reason to believe– A sufficient reason to believe in.

11. Omission– To omit an act is also an act. This means not to do something.

12. Intention– Intent to do an act willfully.

13. Common intention– An intention that is shared by all who are involved in a particular act.

14. Knowledge– When a person has the sense, or he knows the consequences of committing an act or what would be its result.

15. Voluntarily– To cause something without any undue influence or force or pressure.

16. Offence– Anything which is punishable under this code.

17. Good faith– Anything done with due care and attention.

18. Imprisonment– To put a person behind bars or in prison for a specific period of time.

19. Commutation– It means to lessen the term or degree of punishment given to an offender.

20. Contrary to law– Doing an act which is not permitted under law.

21. Involuntarily– An act which a person does against his will or desire.

22. Consent– Affirming or agreeing on something expressly or impliedly.

23. Administering acid– It means to provide someone with acid or give acid to someone for usage.

24. Instigate– It means to provoke someone to do any act.

25. To aid– It means helping other person by doing an act or by omitting such act.

26. Homicide– Killing of a human being by another human being.

27. Grave provocation– To deprive a person of being sensible or to make him out of control of his senses.

28. Transfer of malice– When the target of a person misses, and he hits some other person.

29. Acquittal– A person who is discharged from all his charges or liabilities in a case. It means setting a person free.

30. Motive– A reason or purpose which gives birth to intention to commit an act.

31. Negligent– It means not taking care of one’s own duty towards others.

32. Attempt– It means trying to accomplish act or doing of an act which does not result in probable consequences.

33. Emasculation– To deprive a man’s vigour or his sexual capability.

34. Force– It means to push or pull and make a thing in motion or changes in motion or to stop the motion.

35. Criminal force– Force + causing injury, fear, or annoyance.

36. Assault– It is a visible representation of any organ of the body to create an apprehension in the mind of other that criminal force is about to inflict on him.

37. Sexual overtures– It means trying to induce a woman sexually, offering her favours and gains as negotiation.

38. Sexually coloured remarks– To demand unjust sexual favours or trying to gain sexual favours by words or actions.

39. Persistent vegetative state– A condition in which a patient does not respond to any action by using his brain functions. He remains alive only with the help of medical aid.

40. Fiduciary relationship– A relationship of dominance or authority or power.

41. Possession– To have control over something which may or may not be of the person who is possessing it.


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