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Topic 11 – Cause and Effect – TRICK – LOGICAL REASONING – CS ASPIRANT

Topic 11 – Cause and Effect

Cause and Effect reasoning questions are designed to check the ability of people to read

different sentences and identify whether one sentence is a cause giving effect to the other

sentence. These are called Reason (Cause) and Response (Effect) sentences.

Students are required to read the sentences, identify the sentence representing the cause

and the effect and accordingly choose the correct option as directed in the question.

For example –

Statement

I. Everybody should work hard.

II. The only way to achieve success is to work hard.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause / reason.

TRICK??!

( Insert BECAUSE in the sentence I & II and check its correct or not )

Practice Questions

1. Statement 1 – India has a very diverse range of flora and fauna.

Statement II – India lied in the tropical reason which is apt for the growth of flora and

fauna

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /

reason.

2. Statement 1 – many people have been reported to be suffering from a new form of

pneumonia in the city.

Statement II – The city has seen a rise in the number of patients suffering from

breathlessness and are being treated in the different hospitals.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /

reason.

3. Statement 1 – Increase in rainfall and rising flood situations are regular phenomenon for

a past few years.

Statement II – People avoid going out in heavy rains.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /

reason.

4. Statement 1 – The country has been under a lockdown for the past 2 months.

Statement II – People have used up all their savings to sustain themselves.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /

reason.

5. Statement 1 – A truck collided with a train on the railway crossing last night.

Statement II – All the trains have been diverted to another route.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /

reason.

6. Statement 1 – India has seen a number of emerging industries in the past few years.

Statement II – The rate of unemployment in India has gone down tremendously.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /reason.

7. Statement 1 – There was a huge rush of devotees at the temple on last Sunday i.e, 15th

May.

Statement II – The temple authorities have announced the closure of temple from 16th

May for repair.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /

reason.

8. Statement 1 – The performance of the ballet troop was beautiful.

Statement II – A lot of senior dancers left the troop after the performance.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /

reason.

9. Statement 1 – The local traders’ association urged all its members to close down their

shops for a day to protest against the government’s new tax policy.

Statement II – Many shopkeepers decided to close down their shops for the day and

gave a day off to their employees.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /

reason.

10. Statement 1 – There has been a curfew in the city for the past few days.

Statement II – The doctors have advised her to have an apple a day.

A – Statement I is the cause / reason and statement II is the effect / response.

B – Statement II is the cause / reason and statement I is the effect / response.

C – Both the statements I and II are independent causes / reasons.

D – Both the statements I and II are the effects / responses of not depended causes /

reasons.

E – Both the statements I and II are the effects/response of some common cause /

reason.

GOOD LUCK

TEAM CS ASPIRANT

ANSWER

1 B

2 A

3 D

4 A

5 A

6 A

7 B

8 D

9 B

10 D

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